Kegums Hydro Power Plant starting from the idea until now


On 4 August, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia passes a law on the construction of Kegums Power Plant. In the following days, the first works on the Kegums HPP construction site start: a temporary wooden bridge across the Daugava River is erected and temporary protective dikes for setting up the construction site are built.


On 22 May

the foundation stone laying ceremony for Kegums Power Plant is held.

Construction of a permanent steel bridge across the Daugava River is launched.

Construction of the Kegums HPP building and hydropower unit turbine draft tubes is started.


Concreting of the engineering structures of the dam is carried out. Construction of the water reservoir protective dikes is launched. Operating chambers of the hydropower unit turbines are assembled.


On 10 February

during ice drift, the temporary protective dikes of the structure are destroyed at the high water level in the Daugava River. The Kegums HPP construction sites are flooded with water and ice.

Construction of Kegums HPP, assembly of equipment and erection of bridge sections on permanent concrete supports at the height envisaged in the project continues.

On 15 October

the first hydropower unit is started and the Kegums-Riga 88 kV power line is switched on.

On 17 November

the second hydropower unit is started and customers in Riga begin to receive permanent supply of electricity generated at Kegums HPP.

On 4 December

the operation of the power plant is taken over by Latvian engineering staff under the supervision of Pāvils Krasovskis and Edgars Kelders. Supply of electricity generated at Kegums HPP to customers in Zemgale is started.

On 22 December

the State Electricity Enterprise "Kegums" is established, forming the basis for the single energy system of Latvia.


In February, the Kegums – Ieriki power line is switched on, starting electricity supply to customers in Vidzeme. The assembly of the Kegums HPP valve gates and the construction of the fish pass and rafting canal continue. On 1 November, the third hydropower unit of Kegums HPP is started, reaching a capacity of 54 MW.


During the Second World War, the power plant’s building, control boards, turbine gates and their control units, generators, transformers, 88 kV outdoor equipment, the 9th radial gate, and both 80-metre long spans of the bridge are blown up.


The first renovated Kegums HPP hydropower unit is started.

In 1946, the second renovated unit is started and in 1947 – the third one.


The fourth Kegums HPP hydropower unit is started, reaching the designed capacity of

72 MW


The expansion of Kegums HPP begins by constructing a new plant on the left bank of the Daugava River: Kegums HPP-2.


All three Kegums HPP-2 hydropower units are started. The power plant reaches the full designed capacity of

192 MW


Reconstruction of the Kegums HPP-1 hydropower units and control systems is started, using the loan granted by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) for the modernisation of hydropower plants.


Reconstruction of Kegums HPP-1 is completed. The generation of electricity is increased by 25 MW, while the operational capacity is renewed for 40 years.


Reconstruction of the Kegums HPP-2 hydropower units and the forebay ice guard system is carried out. The ice retention defence boom damaged in 2010 is replaced, creating three anchor sheaves on the bed of the river for additional resilience of the new defence boom, providing the protection of the Kegums HPP-2 forebay against ice and drifts.


Reconstruction of the Kegums HPP-2 equipment is started.


Reconstruction of the left bank dike of the Kegums HPP water reservoir is carried out.


Reconstruction of two gates of the Kegums HPP water spillway launched in 2015 is completed: four new vertical lift-up gates have been installed in place of each valve gate. This has resulted in significantly safer gate operation during the spring flooding, faster manoeuvring and remote control.